What are Hypo and Hyper Thyroid?

Hypo- and hyperthyroidism are two conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck. Here's a breakdown of each:

1. Hypothyroidism:

  • Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones, specifically thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).
  • Common causes include autoimmune thyroiditis (Hashimoto's thyroiditis), thyroid surgery, radiation therapy, certain medications, and iodine deficiency.
  • Symptoms of hypothyroidism may include fatigue, weight gain, cold intolerance, constipation, dry skin, hair loss, and menstrual irregularities.
  • Diagnosis is typically confirmed through blood tests that measure thyroid hormone levels (TSH, T4, T3).

2. Hyperthyroidism:

  • Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces an excess of thyroid hormones, T4 and T3.
  • Common causes include Graves' disease (an autoimmune disorder), toxic nodular goitre, thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland), and excessive iodine intake.
  • Symptoms of hyperthyroidism may include weight loss, rapid heartbeat (palpitations), heat intolerance, tremors, anxiety, insomnia, increased sweating, and menstrual irregularities.
  • Diagnosis is typically confirmed through blood tests (TSH, T4, T3) and additional imaging studies or thyroid scans to identify the underlying cause.

Treatment for hypothyroidism usually involves lifelong thyroid hormone replacement therapy to restore hormone levels to normal. Treatment for hyperthyroidism may include antithyroid medications, radioactive iodine therapy, or thyroid surgery, depending on the underlying cause and severity of symptoms. Both conditions require careful management and monitoring by a healthcare professional to optimise thyroid function and minimise complications.

Symptoms of Hypo and Hyper Thyroid?

  1. Unintentional weight loss despite increased appetite
  2. Rapid or irregular heartbeat (palpitations)
  3. Heat intolerance and excessive sweating
  4. Tremors in the hands and fingers
  5. Nervousness, anxiety, or irritability
  6. Difficulty sleeping (insomnia)
  7. Fatigue and muscle weakness
  8. Frequent bowel movements or diarrhoea
  9. Eye changes, such as bulging eyes (in Graves' disease)
  10. Irregular menstrual periods (in women)
  11. Enlargement of the thyroid gland (goitre)
  12. Thinning of the skin and fine hair

It's important to note that some symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can overlap, and not everyone will experience all of the symptoms listed. Additionally, symptoms may vary in severity among individuals. If you encounter any symptoms suggestive of thyroid dysfunction, it's essential to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis.

Is it possible to treat Hypo and Hyperthyroid without medicines?

Yes, 100% with Team GSBpathy

How do we cure Hypo and hyperthyroidism?

We cure Thyroid Disorders with the help of the following:

  1. Exercise
  2. Nutrition Counselling
  3. Behaviour Counselling
  4. Yama
  5. Niyama
  6. Aasan
  7. Pranayama
  8. Pratyahara
  9. Dharna
  10. Dhyan
  11. Samadhi